Information security is a serious issue that affects everyone who has a computer or other electronic device. It makes no difference if you’re an individual, a business, or an organization. Its a prime market for malware because of the pervasive use of technology and dependency on connectivity. Various security threats have appeared and disappeared since the internet’s creation. Malicious assaults can range in severity from mild annoyance to catastrophic, and you can bet they’ll be around as long as the internet exists.
Some risk sub-categories are listed below:
- CROSS SITE ATTACK – XSS stands for cross-site scripting. A third-party will target a vulnerable website, usually one that isn’t encrypted, in this case. The malicious code is loaded onto the site once it has been identified as a target. When a normal user visits the page, the payload is transmitted to their system or browser, resulting in undesirable behavior. The purpose is to either disturb or steal information from users.
- CRYPTOJACKING – Cryptojacking is an effort to infect a computer with malware that forces it to engage in crypto-mining, a popular method of obtaining cryptocurrency. This malware, like others, can infect unprotected computers. It is used because crypto-mining requires a lot of hardware.
- DDoS – Malicious actors target servers and flood them with user traffic in a distributed denial of service attack. When a server cant handle incoming requests, the website its hosting goes down or slows down to the point where its unusable.
- DRIVE-BY ATTACK – Malicious code is transmitted to a system or device in a drive-by assault. The difference is that the user does not need to do any action on their end, whereas they would normally need to click a link or download an executable.
- MALWARE – Malware is when an undesirable piece of software or code is installed on a target system and causes strange behavior. This includes blocking programme access, destroying files, stealing data, and spreading to other computers.
- MitM ATTACK – When a third-party hijacks a session between a client and a host, this is known as a Man-in-the-Middle attack. The hacker usually hides behind a faked IP address, disconnects the client, and then asks for details. Attempting to get into a bank session, for example, might allow an MITM attack to steal user information related to their bank account.
- PASSWORD THEFT – Unwanted third parties have gotten their hands on your password and are misusing it.
- PHISHING ATTACKS – Social engineering is used in phishing scams to achieve their purpose. An end user receives a message or email requesting sensitive information, such as a password, and is compelled to click on links, inadvertently disclosing sensitive information.
- RANSOMWARE – Ransomware is a severe type of virus that infects a users computer or network. It limits access to features (in part or whole) unless a ransom is paid to third parties once it is installed.
- SOCIAL ENGINEERING – Social engineering, like phishing, is an umbrella term for attempting to trick consumers into divulging critical information. This can happen on any platform, and malevolent actors will often go to considerable lengths to achieve their objectives, including stealing information from social media.
- SQL INJECTION – An SQL attack is a type of data manipulation that is used to gain access to information that isn’t supposed to be there. Malicious third parties use SQL queries (a standard string of code that is delivered to a service or server) to retrieve sensitive information.
- TRAFFIC INTERCEPTION – Traffic interception, often known as eavesdropping, is when a third party listens in on data exchanged between a user and a host. The type of data stolen varies depending on the traffic, however it is frequently used to steal log-ins or sensitive information.
- TROJAN VIRUS – Trojan malware disguises itself as genuine software in order to deliver its payload. An warning that a users machine had been infiltrated by malware, proposing a scan, but the scan actually delivered the malware, was one tactic utilized.
- WATER HOLE ATTACK – Water hole attacks, which are commonly used to target organizations, occur when a group infects websites that a specific organization frequently visits. The purpose is to load a malicious payload from the affected sites, similar to a cross-site assault.
- ZERO-DAY EXPLOITS – An exploit is a targeted attack against a system, network, or programme that occurs following the discovery of a zero-day vulnerability. This attack takes use of a security flaw that has gone unnoticed, with the goal of causing strange behavior, data destruction, and information theft.