• Identify individual letters
  • Use cardinal and ordinal numbers (e.g., begin to distinguish difference)
  • Greet others
  • Use basic vocabulary for social interaction
  • Ask simple questions in short phrases
  • Produce simple statements
  • Express lack of understanding
  • Respond to simple questions in a familiar situation
  • Ask for repetition (e.g., “What?” or “Today?”)


  • Spell some familiar words
  • Use numbers appropriately to provide personal information
  • Produce and respond to common greetings, introductions, and polite expressions
  • Produce simple statements in routine and familiar situations
  • Use the telephone to make an emergency call
  • Respond to simple questions in familiar situations demonstrating some control of grammar


  • Ask simple questions to satisfy survival needs
  • Spell some sight words
  • Answers simple questions on everyday activities with some detail
  • Participates in short conversations on everyday activities using appropriate conversation skills and monitoring for listener comprehension
  • Give simple one-step instructions and directions
  • Expresses likes and dislikes
  • Express lack of understanding (e.g. speak slower, please rephrase, I don’t understand)
  • Use the telephone to make an appointment


  • Produce simple statements, questions, and commands using familiar vocabulary
  • Participate in routine social conversations in familiar contexts (e.g., shopping, employment, school)
  • Give simple two-step directions
  • Retell a simple story
  • Use simple expressions of satisfaction/dissatisfaction and agreement/disagreement
  • Use simple expressions to express opinion
  • Express lack of understanding and ask for repetition or clarification
  • Use appropriate language in both informal and simple formal situations


  • Produce statements, questions, and commands (i.e., interact) in less familiar contexts with some detail
  • Ask and answer questions – using complete sentences when appropriate
  • Give directions to a specific location
  • Provide two and three step instructions with detail on how to do something
  • Request information and express needs (e.g., in person or by phone)
  • Express satisfaction/dissatisfaction and agreement/disagreement
  • Provide simple descriptions (e.g., describe a person, place or event)
  • Express opinions and provide factual information


  • Participate in discussions on topics beyond immediate survival needs (e.g., local news)
  • Explain concepts/ideas in organized manner using examples or details
  • Tell anecdotal stories as a part of conversation
  • Give detailed, multi-step directions and instructions in familiar settings
  • Clarify utterances by rewording or repeating in order to be understood by the general public
  • Select and report pertinent information (e.g., regarding an accident, change in procedure, etc.)
  • Request specific information in person or by phone
  • Use a variety of sentence patterns, new vocabulary, and high-frequency idioms in spontaneous conversation
  • Participate in social interactions using the appropriate degree of formality
  • Negotiate a solution/compromise
  • Use persuasion in conversation