• Recognize letters of the alphabet
  • Recognize cardinal and ordinal numbers
  • Recognize/respond to basic survival vocabulary, greetings, and polite expressions (e.g. thank you,
    please, you’re welcome)
  • Respond to very simple questions in familiar contexts (e.g., personal information)
  • Follow simple one-step directions
  • Respond to simple requests for repetition (e.g. nod head, use body language, use the phrase I don’t understand)


  • Recognize letters of words when spelled or dictated
  • Recognize/respond to greetings and polite expressions in routine and familiar settings
  • Recognize/respond to simple questions/statements in familiar contexts (e.g., weather, family, employment)
  • Follow one-step directions in a familiar context to complete a simple task
  • Identify simple expressions indicating lack of understanding
  • Recognize/respond to requests for repetition
  • Recognize/respond to personal information questions


  • Listen for key vocabulary words in contextualized conversations
  • Recognize common words when spelled or dictated
  • Recognize/respond to alternative forms of basic questions in familiar contexts
  • Follow simple multi-step directions and instructions
  • Identify simple expressions indicating lack of understanding


  • Respond to statements, questions and commands using some expanded vocabulary
  • Respond to simple social conversation in familiar contexts (e.g., shopping, employment, school)
  • Follow simple two-step directions and instructions with some detail
  • Identify simple information from a conversation or in familiar contexts (i.e., listen with a purpose)
  • Use context clues to get main ideas and to identify details
  • Respond to simple requests for clarification
  • Distinguish language use in informal versus simple formal situations (i.e., pay attention to register)


  • Interpret statements, questions and commands in a variety of familiar situations
  • Follow multi-step directions to a specific location
  • Follow multi-step instructions on how to do something
  • Interpret information from a conversation and in a variety of contexts (e.g., in person, on telephone,
    over announcement)
  • Identify key information/details in a description
  • Respond to requests for clarification and elaboration
  • Understand more complex structures
  • Distinguish between facts and opinions in conversation
  • Recognize/respond to some common idioms


  • Respond to topics beyond immediate survival needs (e.g., news and events in the workplace or
  • Follow detailed multi-step directions and instructions in familiar situations
  • Respond to requests for clarification, elaboration, opinion, etc.
  • Identify details in a description (e.g., of a person, place or an event)
  • Obtain detailed information in a variety of contexts (e.g., from conversation or broadcast)
  • Recognize/respond appropriately to social cues in conversation in familiar contexts
  • Recognize/respond to conversational openers/closures and polite expressions as used by native speakers (e.g., “I have to get going….”, “I’d rather not…”, “How about going to…”)
  • Recognize/respond to idiomatic expressions in familiar situations